Orientation & Mobility & Independent Living Skills
Independent Living Skills
Most children learn to do things for themselves (how to brush their teeth, eat with the right cutlery, etc) through observing and copying what others around them are doing. For a child with a visual impairment, this mode of learning is not available. Nonetheless, they must still learn and develop the skills of daily living, such as dressing, washing and eating. Because they are unable to imitate through visual copying, other techniques need to be used to teach children with visual impairments.
Independence allows a person with a visual impairment to develop feelings of self-esteem and helps him to take his place in the community as an automomous person. Such skills include, but are not limited to: personal hygiene and safety, social skills, home management skills, and organisational skills. These skills should be taught from as early as possible to allow the time and opportunity to develop these skills efficiently.